Architecture is a form of art that influences the world around us every day. It is the process of designing and constructing structures to fit a purpose. Architecture involves drawing, planning and building of structures, including tall structures such as skyscrapers. It is a field of study that includes mathematics, engineering, art, social sciences, and the construction of buildings, space, and places. Architects typically have specialized training in architecture in universities and colleges.
Subjects Needed for Architecture
If you’re interested in becoming an architect, you will need to complete a degree program in architecture. Depending on a school’s curriculum, you will need to take a variety of classes in order to complete an architecture degree. Common subjects required for architecture include calculus, physics, structural analysis, mechanics, drafting, and design. One must also learn different software applications and modeling tools.
In addition to general education topics, architecture students often take courses focused on the history, design, and theory of architecture. These courses help students build an understanding of the principles behind good design. There are also courses that cover sustainability, landscaping, and the effects of climate and other elements on building designs.
For those looking to pursue a major in architecture, several areas of software and technology are integral components of the studies. Those enrolled in an architecture major program should expect to take classes in CAD programs, as well as 3D modeling software like SketchUp. Some schools may also offer classes on robotics and advanced manufacturing, which allow students to become familiar with the newest technologies available to architects.
In addition to learning the various software applications associated with architecture, students need to gain an understanding of the principles behind architecture. This includes learning about the elements of design–line, shape, color, space, texture, and form–and studying how they work together. Students must also learn about spatial relationships, as well as how to design efficient, appropriately scaled structures.
Learning to understand the principles behind good architecture can take time, as architecture is about much more than just creating functional buildings with attractive exteriors. Architects must consider the impact of their designs on the environment, the surrounding community, and the overall context of the area.
Architectural mathematics is also a major part of learning architecture. Architectural mathematics teaches students how to understand, solve, and apply mathematical equations to building designs. This includes calculating the area of rooms, angles of walls and roofs, and developing 3D models of the structures they are designing.
Designers also need to understand structural analysis and the engineering of buildings. They must be able to analyze a building’s stability and durability, as well as how it can withstand forces like wind, earthquakes, and other natural occurrences. Once a building is designed, architects must also be able to calculate the cost of the project and materials.
In addition to mathematics and design principles, architectural writing is also an important skill for an architect to have. Architects often write proposals, reports, and memos dealing with their projects. They also need to be able to explain their designs in a clear and concise manner, both to clients and to other members of the team.
Understanding of Economics
An understanding of economics is also necessary for architects. Architects must be able to take into account the economic needs of their clients, as well as the practicality of their ideas. They must also be able to develop plans within the given budget and legal parameters.
Architecture is a complex field that involves a variety of skills. Architects must have specialized training in mathematics, design principles, engineering, software applications, spatial relationships, and writing. Having a basic understanding of economics is also important. These are the essential subjects you need to understand in order to make a successful career in architecture.