A Comparison Of The Top Four Enterprise Architecture Methodologies Pdf


The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF) is widely used by many leading organizations in the industry and is a widely accepted method for defining enterprise architecture strategy and implementation. TOGAF is a vendor-independent framework that helps enterprise architects create, implement and manage IT solutions to meet the business goals of their enterprise. TOGAF is also part of the IT Process Institute’s Certified Enterprise Architect (CEA) program. TOGAF’s core process consists of four phases: Planning & Governance, Build & Practice, Implement & Monitor and Operation & Maintenance. The framework is used to develop an architecture roadmap, adapt an existing architecture and enhance existing architecture.
One of the main advantages of TOGAF is the agility in its approach to architecture design. TOGAF allows enterprise architects to be quick and agile in adapting to changes in the business needs, rather than having to spend time and effort remodeling large-scale business processes. The framework is also flexible enough to be customized and incorporated into other architecture models such as DoDAF, FEAF and others.
In terms of governance, TOGAF’s architecture governance process includes several stages such as planning, designing, deploying and managing the architecture framework. It also includes a suite of tools that can be used to customize the framework and its architecture design. This makes it easier for enterprise architects to manage the architecture framework, which helps them to ensure that the architecture solutions stay aligned with the current business goals and objectives of their enterprise. Additionally, TOGAF’s architecture framework has been designed to ensure that the architecture solutions remain robust and secure.

Zachman Framework

The Zachman Framework is a comprehensive enterprise architecture framework created by John Zachman in 1987. It is based on the premise that the enterprise should be seen from different perspectives, depending on the needs of the organization. The framework consists of a set of tables where each row is a specific view of the organization such as the business approach, the data approach, the application approach and the technology approach.
The Zachman Framework is designed to be an effective tool for helping enterprise architects develop an appropriate architecture solution. The framework is designed to provide guidance on the different views to an organization’s architecture. That way, the enterprise can ensure that its architecture is designed to address its objectives and serve the needs of its users.
The Zachman Framework is also an effective tool for developing an architecture strategy. By using the framework, the enterprise can identify the important components and areas of an architecture that need to be addressed. This way, it can be ensured that the architecture is consistent across the organization and aligns with the current business objectives.


The Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework (FEAF) is an enterprise architecture framework created by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB). FEAF is an architecture model developed for U.S. Federal Government information systems and was created in compliance with the OMB A-130 mandate which set policy for federal agencies to migrate from legacy IT systems to modern IT systems.
The FEAF model consists of four layers; strategic, business, data and application. The framework is designed to show the relationships between the different layers of the framework. The primary aim of the FEAF model is to ensure that federal information systems are designed to be consistent, interoperable, secure and cost effective.
The FEAF framework is also designed to ensure that the federal information systems are compliant with the OMB A-130 mandate. This way, the federal enterprise architecture can be deployed across the organization in a uniform and consistent manner, making it easier to manage and control the architecture. Furthermore, the FEAF model helps to ensure the integration of the different IT systems in the organization, making it easier for them to share data and resources.


The Department of Defense Architecture Framework (DoDAF) is an enterprise architecture framework developed by the U.S. Department of Defense for developing architecture models for its information systems. The DoDAF model consists of four perspectives: Systems of Systems, Operational, Systems and Technical.
The DoDAF model is designed to help the Department of Defense develop and maintain a systems architecture that can support its mission. The framework provides guidance on the different architectures and their components in order to ensure that the architecture is aligned with the mission of the organization. DoDAF is also used to develop a common language for all the systems in the organization, which helps to improve the overall performance of the organization’s systems.
In addition to providing guidance to develop the architecture, the DoDAF model also provides guidance on how to evaluate the architecture. This process includes assessing the performance of the architecture and detecting any weaknesses or failures in the architecture. This allows the Department of Defense to take corrective action to improve the performance of its architecture and ensure that it is robust and secure.

Advantages and Disadvantages

All four of the enterprise architecture frameworks discussed above have their own advantages and disadvantages. In order to decide which one is right for your enterprise, it is important to look at the strengths and weaknesses of each framework. Here is a brief overview of each of the four frameworks and their respective strengths and weaknesses:
The TOGAF architecture framework is widely accepted as a well-defined and vendor-independent architecture framework. Its agility makes it perfect for rapidly adapting to changes in the business needs. On the other hand, its architecture governance process is considered to be time consuming and onerous.
The Zachman Framework is a comprehensive architecture framework that allows enterprise architects to quickly identify the different views to an organization’s architecture. However, it lacks the level of detail that the other frameworks offer; to make up for this, the framework needs to be supplemented with more detailed models.
The FEAF framework is specifically designed for the U.S. federal government and is a great tool for creating a uniform and consistent enterprise architecture across the organization. However, it does lack the flexibility of the other frameworks, so it can be difficult to adapt it to an existing architecture.
Finally, the DoDAF framework is an effective tool for evaluating the performance of the architecture. This makes it good for ensuring that the architecture is meeting the organization’s mission and objectives. The downside is that it lacks the agility of the other frameworks, so it cannot quickly adapt to changes in the business needs.

Educational Resources

Enterprise architecture is a complex and dynamic discipline and the rewards for gaining an understanding of architectural principles and processes can be great. That’s why there are many educational resources available to those who want to learn more about the four enterprise architecture frameworks discussed in this article.
The Open Group has an extensive library of educational material on TOGAF and holds several certification courses on the topic. It is also worth considering the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)’s Certified Enterprise Architect (CEA) program, which is designed to provide extensive training and certification on the framework.
The Zachman Institute also offers several online courses on Zachman Framework principles and processes. They also hold a Certified Enterprise Architect (CEA) program which provides certified professionals with knowledge and expertise in the advancement of enterprise architecture.
The U.S. Department of Defense has a collection of online tutorials on their DoDAF model and its use in system development. Additionally, the FEAF framework is covered in the U.S. federal government’s collection of tutorials and certifications for the Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework (FEAF).

Open Source Tools

In addition to educational resources, there are also a number of open source tools and software packages available to help enterprises develop enterprise architectures faster and more efficiently.
The TOGAF open source toolset includes tools for developing and managing TOGAF architecture models. It also includes tools for automating architecture development processes. Additionally, the Zachman Institute has a set of open source tools for managing Zachman Framework models.
The DoDAF open source toolset is also a great resource for developing and managing DoDAF architectures. The toolset includes a graphical editor that allows users to create and modify architectures. Additionally, there is an automated code generator that can help in the development of DoDAF architectures.
Lastly, the FEAF open source toolset is designed to help organizations develop FEAF architectures quickly and efficiently. The toolset includes an online editor, an automated code generator and a comprehensive library of tutorials and examples.


In conclusion, there are four primary enterprise architecture frameworks: TOGAF, Zachman Framework, FEAF and DoDAF. Each of these frameworks provide their own unique benefits and can be adapted to the specific needs of an organization. Additionally, there are many educational resources and open source tools available to help enterprises develop their architectures faster and more efficiently. Ultimately, the best framework for an organization will depend on its specific needs and objectives.

Anita Johnson is an award-winning author and editor with over 15 years of experience in the fields of architecture, design, and urbanism. She has contributed articles and reviews to a variety of print and online publications on topics related to culture, art, architecture, and design from the late 19th century to the present day. Johnson's deep interest in these topics has informed both her writing and curatorial practice as she seeks to connect readers to the built environment around them.

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