How To Implement Micro-Frontend Architecture With React


The micro-frontend architectural pattern has been gaining attention in the past few years. It is an approach to web development that enables a single web application to be run in multiple micro-frontend frameworks. In this way, different teams, such as backend developers and frontend engineers, can work on separate parts of the code without disrupting the other teams’ workflow. This is beneficial for businesses that must go to market rapidly and can’t afford to be bottlenecked by a single team’s workflow.
React has become one of the most popular JavaScript libraries for web development, offering developers a number of features and benefits when it comes to a micro-frontend architecture. React’s fast and efficient virtual DOM, its powerful component-based system, and its strict adherence to the single responsibility principle, all make React an ideal choice for micro-frontend development.

Understanding React

In order to understand how to implement micro-frontend architecture with React, it is important to have a basic understanding of what React is and how it works. React is an open-source library for web development created by the software developers at Facebook. It is used to create interactive user interfaces for web applications. It is built on top of JavaScript and is both highly efficient and reliable.
The main purpose of React is to provide code reusability and more modular development. React achieves this with its component-based system and strict adherence to the single responsibility principle. The component-based system allows developers to break a web application’s UI into individual components, each with its own piece of code. This makes it easier to manage and maintain the application, as well as to enable code reuse. The single responsibility principle ensures that each of these components performs only one task instead of attempting to do everything in one place.
The combination of React’s component-based system and single responsibility principle make it an ideal choice for implementing a micro-frontend architecture.

Benefits of Micro-Frontend Architecture with React

React is well-suited for micro-frontend architecture due to its powerful component-based system and single responsibility principle. By breaking a web application into smaller modules, it is easier to manage, maintain and update the code. Each module can be worked on independently and when it comes time to deploy, everything is already in a deploy-ready state.
In addition, React also offers an optimized virtual DOM, which improves the speed and responsiveness of web applications. This is especially important for web applications that must go to market quickly and need to be highly optimized.

Implementing a Micro-Frontend Architecture with React

Implementing a micro-frontend architecture with React is relatively straightforward. The first step is to break the codebase into smaller modules. Each module should be assigned to a separate team or individual. Then, each team or individual should create their own React components for their module. The components should be built in isolation, with minimal external dependencies, in order to give the module a high level of autonomy.
Once the components have been created, they can be combined into a larger, cohesive web application. All of the modules can be combined and connected with a single entry point, such as React Router.

Tools and Libraries

In addition to React itself, there are a number of other tools and libraries that can be used to implement and optimize a micro-frontend architecture with React. For example, React Loadable and React Markdown can be used to reduce the time it takes to load a web page. These libraries can also be used to optimize the loading performance of individual components.
Redux can also be used to maintain application state across components. This allows developers to store information in a global state, which makes it easier to track and update application data.


Implementing a micro-frontend architecture with React is an effective way to quickly develop and deploy web applications. React’s powerful component-based system and single responsibility principle make it an ideal choice for this type of architecture. In addition, there are a number of tools and libraries that developers can use to optimize their code and improve the performance of their applications.

Anita Johnson is an award-winning author and editor with over 15 years of experience in the fields of architecture, design, and urbanism. She has contributed articles and reviews to a variety of print and online publications on topics related to culture, art, architecture, and design from the late 19th century to the present day. Johnson's deep interest in these topics has informed both her writing and curatorial practice as she seeks to connect readers to the built environment around them.

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