# How Trigonometry Is Used In Architecture To Make Buildings Safe

## How Trigonometry Is Used In Architecture To Make Buildings Safe

Summary

Designing and building large structures, such as bridges and tall buildings, requires a number of factors to be taken into consideration. One of the most important of these is the construction’s overall stability and ability to withstand external forces and weather conditions. This is where trigonometry comes into play, as it allows architects to accurately calculate the height, slant and other spatial characteristics of these kinds of structures.
Trigonometry is a branch of mathematics which studies the relationships between the sides and angles of triangles. It can be used to calculate the distances between sets of points and create accurate graphical representations of any given 3-dimensional area, allowing architects and engineers to accurately plan and design an array of structures.
By using complex trigonometric formulas, architects are able to predict the ways in which natural forces, such as high winds and the weight of the building itself, will affect the stability of a structure. This enables them to prepare for potential issues and design buildings which are safe and can withstand major weather events.
Trigonometry also allows architects to use angles and dimensions to create visually appealing designs more easily. For example, when creating the design for a new building, the architect can use the sin, cos and tan functions to make sure the angles of the exterior walls match up perfectly. This allows for the building to look more aesthetically pleasing, whilst still being structurally sound.
Furthermore, trigonometry can be used to calculate the exact slopes of a roof, which can help make sure it is as efficient as possible in terms of drainage. This is important, as it can help to make sure water is not settling on the roof and leading to eventual collapse or damage.
Finally, trigonometry can also be used in the development of other aspects of construction, such as the placement of windows and doors. By using the appropriate theorems, architects can make sure these features are both aesthetically pleasing and secure, by ensuring they are properly framed and placed in the right places on the building.

## Airport Structures

Trigonometry is also heavily used in designs for airport structures. For example, when designing a runway, architects must take into account the slope and other factors of the site in order to ensure the runway is safe for takeoff and landing. The calculations for this require advanced trigonometric skills, as it is essential for the runway to have an even surface in order to provide enough friction for the aircraft.
Trigonometry also plays a role in the planning of aircraft taxiways, which connect the runways to the gates. It is important that taxiways have the ideal angle when they intersect with the runway, in order to avoid accidents or cargo being caught in the wrong lanes.
Finally, the use of trigonometry in the design of airports can also help ensure that aircraft are symmetrically spaced apart from one another in the terminal. This is an essential safety measure which ensures that aircraft can manoeuvre properly and avoid collisions.

## Constructing Structures Underwater

Trigonometry also plays a large role in engineering structures which are submerged in water, such as bridges and offshore structures. When engineers are constructing these structures, they must take into account factors such as the depth of the structure and how it will respond to tides and currents.
For example, the exact size and placement of the structure must be calculated in order to ensure it will remain stable and secure in water, no matter the level of the tide or the current of the water. Trigonometry can also be used to calculate the length of each support beam and to determine the forces that will be put on the structure.
By using trigonometry, engineers and architects can create structures which are both aesthetically pleasing and safe in water, regardless of external forces that may affect it.

## Earthquake Resistance

Trigonometry is also essential for creating structures which can withstand seismic activity, such as earthquakes. By calculating the exact size and placement of the structure, engineers can make sure the building is as resistant to earthquakes as possible.
Trigonometry is also important for designing key components of the building, such as the foundation and the walls. By calculating the exact angles of the walls and the exact placement of the foundation, engineers can make sure the structure is not only structurally sound, but also resistant to stresses and damages caused by potential earthquakes.
Finally, trigonometry can be used to determine the best shape for structures which are designed to be as earthquake-resistant as possible. For example, buildings with a domed shape are often better suited to resist seismic activity than a traditional box-shaped structure.

## Concrete Buildings

Another important use of trigonometry in architecture and engineering is in the design of concrete buildings. Concrete buildings must be designed with special care in order to make sure they are able to hold the large amounts of weight which they must support.
Trigonometry allows architects and engineers to calculate the exact angles and dimensions of the walls, columns and other components of the structure. This ensures that the concrete will be able to support the correct loads and that the structure won’t collapse due to an imbalance of forces.
In addition, trigonometry is used to determine the exact spacing of the columns and walls of the building, as well as to calculate the exact shape of the roof. By doing this, engineers can make sure the building is as stable and secure as possible.

## Suspension Bridges

Suspension bridges require an immense amount of calculation in order to make sure they are securely built and stable. Trigonometry is essential for calculating the exact size and shape of the girders and cables which make up the structure, as well as the height of the bridges themselves.
Furthermore, trigonometry allows engineers to calculate the exact tension of the cables and other components, which is essential in order to provide the bridge with enough strength to support its own weight as well as the weight of vehicles and pedestrians crossing it.
Finally, trigonometry also plays an important role in the construction of the roadway, as engineers must make sure the pavement is even and sloped correctly in order to avoid any potential accidents.

## Steel Buildings

Steel buildings often require a very precise design in order to be as safe and secure as possible. Trigonometry is essential for determining the exact shape, size and placement of the steel beams, as well as for calculating the forces that will be put on the structure.
In addition, trigonometry can be used to make sure the steel structure is properly welded and secured, as well as to ensure that it is balanced and even. This is important in order to avoid collapse and make the building safe for use.

## Heavy Machinery

Trigonometry is also important for the construction and operation of heavy machinery, such as cranes and excavators. By using trigonometric formulas, engineers can accurately predict the load limits of these machines and make sure they will be able to support the necessary weight without collapsing or failing.
Similarly, trigonometry is used to calculate the exact angles and positions of the moving components of a machine, in order to make sure the motion is smooth and even. This is essential in order to ensure the machine operates safely and efficiently.
Finally, trigonometry is also important for designing the base and other parts of a machine, such as the tracks and wheels. By using trigonometric formulas, engineers can make sure the base and other components are perfectly aligned and, in the case of tracks and wheels, that they are not too far apart or too close together.

## Earthworks

Trigonometry is also essential for the design and construction of earthworks, such as embankments, dams and levees. By using trigonometric calculations, engineers and architects can accurately predict the angles, slopes and forces which will affect the construction, allowing them to make sure the work is done correctly and safely.
For example, trigonometry is used to determine the exact dimensions of an embankment or levee, as well as the angle and slope of the walls. This allows for the structure to be held up by gravity and prevents it from collapsing due to external forces, such as water and temperatures.
Trigonometry is also used to measure and calculate the exact volume of soil and other materials which need to be moved in order to create an earthwork. This is essential in order to make sure the work is done correctly and that the earthwork can withstand any external forces.
Finally, trigonometry can also be used to predict how much water the earthwork can hold and how much it will leak. This helps engineers to make sure the structure is securely built and that it won’t collapse in case of heavy rains or flooding.

Anita Johnson is an award-winning author and editor with over 15 years of experience in the fields of architecture, design, and urbanism. She has contributed articles and reviews to a variety of print and online publications on topics related to culture, art, architecture, and design from the late 19th century to the present day. Johnson's deep interest in these topics has informed both her writing and curatorial practice as she seeks to connect readers to the built environment around them.