What Are The Core Components Under The Android Application Architecture

The Android application architecture is one of the most versatile and capable mobile operating systems on the market today. It’s used by major companies like Samsung and Google and offers an array of features and resources to easily create and manage apps. But, what are the core components that make up an Android app’s architecture?

At its core, the Android architecture is composed of four distinct elements that combine to form the overall app framework. These four elements are the native libraries, the application framework, the Dalvik Virtual Machine, and the Android Runtime. Android also includes a number of supporting libraries, such as SQLite and Open GL, that are used to support specific features and applications. The combination of these elements allows developers to create and deploy apps quickly and efficiently.

The native libraries are written in a combination of C and C++ and are used to provide the basic building blocks for various Android features. This includes libraries for basic system functions, like networking, graphics, hardware access, and media processing. In addition, these libraries provide the foundation for other services, such as voice recognition and location-based services. These are the libraries which are required to build any Android app.

The application framework is a set of classes and functions that provide rich functionality to the Android app itself. These classes abstract away the more low-level functionality of the native libraries and provide objects and mechanisms for activities, data storage and management, network calls, user interfaces, and more. The application framework also provides the necessary APIs and libraries for developers to extend the capabilities of their applications.

The Dalvik Virtual Machine is the core of the Android Runtime and is responsible for executing Android applications compiled in Java code. This allows developers to use the same codebase across multiple platforms and devices, making deployment and maintenance much less intricate. The Android Runtime also includes additional libraries that provide access to various platform features and services, including location-based services, camera access, and various other APIs.

The Android Runtime is the final component of the Android application architecture. It is a virtual machine responsible for running Android applications and providing the necessary media formats, data formats, security, and so on. Android also includes the Android SDK which provides further APIs and libraries for developers to create richer and more interactive experiences for their users.

Optimizing Android Applications

Developers need to take into consideration both the architecture and the specific components of an Android application when designing and building their applications. This is critical because it enables developers to optimize their application for performance and usability. For example, developers can leverage native libraries and the powerful Dalvik Virtual Machine to create faster, more stable apps. Additionally, they can use the Android Runtime APIs to access key platform features, like sensors and location-based services.

Moreover, developers need to take care when creating user interfaces to ensure that the app is easy to use and functions intuitively. The Android SDK includes many graphical elements and APIs to help create beautiful and intuitive interfaces. Additionally, developers can utilize the support libraries to create rich features, such as 3D animations, immersive user experiences, or even augmented reality.

Using the right architecture and components can have a dramatic impact on an Android application’s performance and usability. Developers should take the time to carefully design and develop their apps to ensure maximum benefit and success.

Android Security

When it comes to mobile device security, Android is one of the most comprehensive and robust platforms currently available. The Android architecture provides several layers of security to ensure that applications and devices remain secure. This includes the application sandboxing feature, which isolates applications from one another and the operating system, as well as the Data Protection feature, which encrypts data stored on the device.

In addition to these features, Android also includes its own app permission system to prevent apps from accessing data or functions that they are not authorized to use. Developers can customize this system to provide specific levels of access to different parts of their apps and data. Android also includes built-in malware protection, which continually monitors apps and the operating system for vulnerabilities and threats.

Android’s wealth of security features makes it a great choice for organizations, businesses, and users that need the highest levels of security on their devices and applications. Using the right architecture and components can turn any Android application into a secure and reliable system.

User Experience

In addition to the architecture, developers should focus on creating an intuitive user experience that focuses on the needs of their users. Android is designed to be easy to use and the SDK includes many powerful features to create interactive, engaging experiences. Developers can use custom graphics, animations, and even augmented reality features to create immersive experiences.

In addition, Android also includes access to various media formats and various APIs for interacting with these formats. This includes support for audio and video formats as well as streaming access to media services. These features make Android an excellent choice for creating immersive media experiences for users.

By leveraging the features and components of the Android architecture, developers can create powerful and engaging experiences for users. Careful planning and design can dramatically improve an application’s usability and performance.


The Android application architecture is a powerful and versatile platform and provides developers with myriad tools and resources to easily create and manage apps. The architecture is composed of four primary components, native libraries, the application framework, the Dalvik Virtual Machine, and the Android Runtime, which combined provide developers with access to all the necessary tools and capabilities. Optimizing applications for performance, security, and usability is key to creating successful Android apps.

Anita Johnson is an award-winning author and editor with over 15 years of experience in the fields of architecture, design, and urbanism. She has contributed articles and reviews to a variety of print and online publications on topics related to culture, art, architecture, and design from the late 19th century to the present day. Johnson's deep interest in these topics has informed both her writing and curatorial practice as she seeks to connect readers to the built environment around them.

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