What Are The Important Principles Of Soa Service Oriented Architecture


Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) is an architectural style for implementing service-oriented software systems. In the SOA, services are business-oriented components that represent different aspects of business, such as transactions, communications, and processes. The goal of SOA is to simplify the development and maintenance of software systems, while preserving business functionality, scalability and performance. SOA enables organizations to create services that are loosely coupled and distributed, which can be easily adapted to changing business requirements. This article will discuss some of the important principles of SOA service-oriented architecture, as well as how they can be applied in the context of business operations.

Historical Context

Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) was first introduced in 2002 as a way to improve the scalability, performance and maintainability of software systems. SOA was born out of the need for more resilient and adaptable software architectures as organizations faced a growing number of customer demands for faster response times and more flexible service offerings. SOA provides a standard way to design and develop services that are reusable and loosely coupled. With SOA, organizations can build services that can be shared, reused, and deployed across multiple platforms.

Principles of SOA

At the core of SOA are several key principles. These principles govern the design and implementation of SOA services and ensure that services are flexible and reusable. As McKinsey & Company states, the principles of SOA are:
• Service-Orientation: Services should be based on business functions, which should be loosely coupled and independently hosted. Applications should be designed as small, independent components that can be easily reused or plugged into different systems.
• Service-Level Agreements: Services should have defined levels of trust, security and availability.
• Governance: Service composition and governance should be clearly defined and monitored.
• Service Modeling: Services should be modeled using standard models such as UML and Service Oriented Architecture Modeling Language (SOAML).
• Software Reuse: Services should be designed to be reusable.
• Security: Service security should be designed to ensure that services are protected from unauthorized access and misuse.

Implementation of SOA

Organizations can benefit from the flexibility and scalability that SOA provides. As stated by Digital Enterprise Journal, web services enable the implementation of SOA services. By leveraging the power of web-based service technologies such as SOAP and REST, organizations can rapidly deploy services in a decentralized manner. Additionally, organizations can use web services to provide a unified interface for applications, enabling them to access and share data across multiple systems.

Benefits of SOA

Organizations can take advantage of the various benefits that SOA provides. By implementing SOA, organizations can create applications that are more agile, secure and reliable. Furthermore, SOA provides organizations with a highly flexible and scalable architecture that can efficiently handle large and complex workloads. Additionally, SOA can reduce both the cost and complexity of developing, maintaining and deploying services.

SOA and Cloud Computing

SOA has become a vital part of cloud computing. By leveraging the power of web services, organizations can easily deploy cloud services on demand. SOA services can be used to quickly provision and manage cloud-based services, such as virtual machines and applications. Additionally, SOA can also be used to automate and streamline the deployment and scaling of cloud services.

SOA and Mobile Computing

SOA has also become an integral part of mobile computing. By leveraging the power of web services, mobile applications can be quickly developed and deployed. SOA services can be used to rapidly develop, deploy and manage mobile applications, enabling organizations to quickly launch and update applications.

The Future of SOA

As the demand for better service-oriented software systems continues to grow, SOA is poised to become an even more powerful tool for organizations. Organizations are beginning to realize the importance of service-based architectures, as they offer greater scalability, flexibility, and performance than traditional monolithic architectures. Additionally, organizations are leveraging the power of web services and cloud computing to even further increase the agility and scalability of their applications.

Implementation Challenges

Although SOA provides organizations with many benefits, there are a few challenges that must be addressed when implementing a SOA-based system. For example, organizations must consider how to integrate different services, how to maintain service level agreements, and how to effectively govern services. Additionally, organizations must ensure that their services are secure, reliable and efficient.

Analyzing Service Performance

Organizations must be able to measure and analyze the performance of their SOA services in order to ensure that they are meeting their service level agreements. Organizations can leverage various tools and techniques, such as performance monitoring and service analytics, to measure and monitor the performance of their services. Additionally, organizations should strive to create meaningful metrics to measure the effectiveness of their services.


Service Oriented Architecture provides organizations with a powerful and flexible architecture for creating services that can be easily shared, reused and deployed across multiple systems. By leveraging the principles of SOA and the power of web services, organizations can create highly agile, secure and scalable applications that can quickly meet customer demands. Although there are challenges associated with implementing and managing a SOA environment, organizations can take advantage of the benefits that SOA provides and ensure that their services are properly monitored and secured.

Anita Johnson is an award-winning author and editor with over 15 years of experience in the fields of architecture, design, and urbanism. She has contributed articles and reviews to a variety of print and online publications on topics related to culture, art, architecture, and design from the late 19th century to the present day. Johnson's deep interest in these topics has informed both her writing and curatorial practice as she seeks to connect readers to the built environment around them.

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