What Is Enterprise Architecture In Simple Terms

Enterprise architecture (EA) is a business strategy that organizes an organization’s IT structure and processes to ensure the most efficient and effective utilization of digital resources. It’s a framework for making informed decisions about how technology investments will help a business achieve long-term success. Put simply, enterprise architecture is about studying a company’s current position and developing IT strategies to make the most efficient and effective use of digital age technologies.

Every enterprise, large or small, needs an architecture for doing business. The purpose of EA is to provide a strategy for improving the way tools, data, people, and processes work together within the company and with external stakeholders. In other words, EA is the blueprint for how IT should be set up and managed to support the company’s overarching goals. Without a properly constructed EA, the company is more likely to face IT obstacles that can impede progress and lead to costly failures.

The components of EA architectures may vary according to specific business needs. Typically, EA encompasses: Software/tools, business processes, databases, IT personnel, and the infrastructure that makes up the organization. It also includes server networks, client devices and other technological components, such as cloud computing and mobile computing. All of these pieces are woven together to provide the backbone of the company’s IT architecture.

The goal of EA is to help business IT leaders align their technology investments with their business objectives. By evaluating the current state of IT in an organization and planning for the future, leaders can identify areas of growth and support for improvement projects. Additionally, enterprise architects can also optimize existing systems by evaluating them for cost savings and other benefits. Another benefit of properly constructed EA is improved security and risk management, as the architecture helps companies understand and reduce their vulnerabilities.

It’s important to note that EA should remain a living document. IT systems and environments are constantly changing and EA should be updated to reflect those changes. Enterprises should be prepared to make updates and changes to their EA framework as needed to ensure adherence to the latest industry standards and best practices.

Implementing Enterprise Architecture best practices

A fundamental part of enterprise architecture is the implementation of best practices. These practices include adhering to best practices in software design and development, IT and network management, infrastructure optimization, and process efficiency. Companies that fail to follow best practices are more likely to find themselves tackling IT challenges that require expensive technical solutions or changes in existing practice.

Adhering to best practices can help companies reach IT cost savings, streamlined operations, and a weight off of upper management’s shoulders. Following best practices requires strategic planning and a comprehensive understand of the technology landscape and the ways that it works for the enterprise. Companies need to assess the current environment and understand their IT needs, both short-term and long-term, before they can make changes or upgrade the system.

A great way to get started is by looking for technology solutions that are already in place within their industry. This process allows the organization to use data-driven insights to learn from other companies in their space, as well as make more informed decisions. Additionally, companies should be sure to invest in quality personnel to ensure that their solutions are properly implemented and well-maintained.

Once the best practices have been identified, they should be properly communicated to the staff. This includes providing training on best practices and how the technologies will be used. The communication should include all the stakeholders and IT personnel. This will ensure everyone is on the same page and that best practices are implemented throughout the organization.

The Role of Enterprise Architects in Enterprise Architecture

A key player in EA is the enterprise architect. The enterprise architect is responsible for developing and maintaining the EA framework. This involves understanding the current IT architecture and then developing an architecture that meets the company’s long-term goals. To do this, the enterprise architect will need to have deep knowledge of the company’s current IT infrastructure as well as the future IT roadmap.

The enterprise architect should also understand the company’s business strategies and objectives and be able to recommend changes to the IT architecture to meet those strategies. This is not a task that can be accomplished without collaboration; the enterprise architect will need to work closely with the IT team, C-level executives, and stakeholders to ensure that the selected architecture meets the needs of the organization.

The position of enterprise architect requires a deep understanding of technology and an ability to think strategically. Ultimately, it is the enterprise architect’s job to ensure that the company’s IT architecture is aligned with its business objectives. This requires the ability to see the big picture and to take an enterprise-wide view of the organisation’s IT landscape.

EA and Its Benefits for Businesses

When properly implemented, enterprise architecture can bring numerous benefits to businesses. It can provide an improved IT infrastructure that is more efficient and cost-effective. Additionally, the proper alignment of IT assets with other organizational goals can enable businesses to respond more quickly to customer needs and stay ahead of the competition. EA can also provide a platform for quality IT decision-making, enabling organizations to make educated decisions about their IT investments.

When deployed and maintained properly, an EA architecture can also reduce risks and other IT related issues. The comprehensive view of the company’s IT environment will allow IT personnel to detect issues early and troubleshoot them quickly. Additionally, the increased visibility of a well-defined EA framework can provide greater security for the organization’s data and mitigate any risks associated with overlooked areas.

Overall, enterprise architecture can provide significant benefits for businesses of all sizes. It can provide the framework for making informed decisions about IT investments, reduce IT costs, and lay the foundation for long-term success. Additionally, it can provide a platform for improved security and risk mitigation.

The Importance of Proper EA Planning

EA planning is critical to the success of any enterprise architecture project. The enterprise architecture team should work together to develop an information-driven strategy that aligns with the company’s goals and the IT landscape. They should identify the current business objectives and IT requirements and then develop a plan to migrate to their desired architecture. This plan should identify any challenges and opportunities that may arise from the proposed architecture.

It is also important to remember that enterprise architecture frameworks should be regularly reviewed. As the IT landscape and business objectives change, the architecture should be updated accordingly. The EA team should invest in the right resources—such as IT professionals, cloud architects, data architects, and analytics experts—that can ensure that the architecture is optimized and updated. As they work to identify opportunities and solutions, they should work with other stakeholders, including C-level executives, to ensure that the strategy and plan are properly communicated and understood.


Understanding what enterprise architecture is, why it’s important, and the technical aspects of creating and sustaining an EA framework will allow companies to develop more effective and cost-efficient IT strategies. Following best practices, implementing the right tools and technologies, and investing in the right personnel are all part of the overall EA process. Proper planning and execution will ensure that an organization’s IT investments and strategies are properly aligned with their business objectives.

Anita Johnson is an award-winning author and editor with over 15 years of experience in the fields of architecture, design, and urbanism. She has contributed articles and reviews to a variety of print and online publications on topics related to culture, art, architecture, and design from the late 19th century to the present day. Johnson's deep interest in these topics has informed both her writing and curatorial practice as she seeks to connect readers to the built environment around them.

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