What Is Microservices Based Architecture

What is the buzzword ‘microservices-based architecture’ all about? It is the way that modern software development refers to a particular approach for creating your software applications. It goes beyond the traditional monolithic software systems, where all components are bundled into a single package.
Microservices-based architecture consists of multiple independent services which work together as one cohesive unit. This allows for greater agility, scalability, and efficiency. To put it simply, microservices are like Lego blocks where you can build highly customized and expandable solutions with ease.
When it comes to the building blocks, microservices-based architecture follows these core principles:

  • Modularization: Different sections of a product are broken down into independent, tiny components.
  • Decentralization: Development teams can be spread out to focus on different parts of the product.
  • Autonomy: Each service is completely autonomous, meaning it can be tested, deployed, and scaled independently.
  • Reusability: Individual services can be reused for different products.
  • Elasticity: Individual services can be adjusted based on demand.

Using microservices-based architecture, developers can divide a single product into several, independent ‘microservices’ that can be released on their own schedules. This type of architecture eliminates the problem of monolithic deployments that require developers to build, test, deploy, and scale the entire product at once. In other words, microservices-based architecture can speed up the development process by allowing developers to work concurrently on different parts of a product.
While microservices-based architecture can come with many benefits, it’s important to remember that there are also some potential risks and drawbacks. First of all, deploying and managing multiple services in parallel can be complicated and time-consuming. On top of that, this type of architecture can lead to a significant increase in the number of technologies used, and code consistency between the services can become a problem.


There are several advantages of using the microservices-based architecture. First and foremost, it allows for a new level of agility and flexibility. By decoupling services, teams can work on different parts of the product in parallel, drastically reducing the release cycle. Additionally, this type of architecture makes it easier to scale out components in response to increased demand.
Another advantage of microservices-based architecture is improved maintainability. By breaking down the product into tiny and independent services, developers can make small changes or improvements without affecting related parts of the product. This ultimately leads to less downtime and higher productivity.


The disadvantages of microservices-based architecture mainly relate to the complexity of managing multiple services. For example, in order to maintain a fully functioning system, developers have to manage and deploy multiple services, which can lead to an increase in time and resources spend on development.
Additionally, managing multiple services in parallel also means dealing with more components and systems, which can be a headache for developers and operations teams alike. Additionally, having a large number of services in motion can also lead to a decrease in performance and an increase in latency.


Some of the biggest tech companies in the world are using microservices-based architecture to power their products and services. For instance, Amazon uses its own microservices-based architecture to power its massive e-commerce platform. It’s estimated that they have hundreds of services running on thousands of servers, all operating independently.
Other notable names such as Netflix and Uber have also adopted microservices-based architecture, in order to support their large-scale products.

Real-world applications

The microservices-based architecture is not just for big tech companies. It can be applied to any kind of product or service, from simple websites and web apps to large-scale products. For example, it can be used to power IoT projects and products, as it allows developers to build highly scalable systems.
It can also be applied to the development of mobile apps. By breaking down the app into separate services, individual teams can work on different components in parallel, resulting in faster delivery and improved scalability.

Open source solutions

If you are looking to build your own microservices-based platform, there are plenty of open source solutions to choose from. For example, the widely-used Kubernetes can be used to manage multiple services and keep track of what’s running where. It also includes many features such as multi-platform deployment and scaling, which makes it a great choice for large-scale projects.
Other popular open source options include Apache Mesos and Docker Swarm. Both of these can be used to create highly scalable and efficient microservices-based architectures.

Making a decision

It’s clear that microservices-based architecture offers many advantages over traditional, monolithic architectures. If you are looking to build a highly scalable and efficient product, this type of architecture is definitely worth considering.
That being said, you should also take into account the possible risks and drawbacks before making a decision. Keep in mind that managing microservices-based architectures can be complicated and time-consuming, and you may also want to consider the costs associated with open-source solutions.
Before taking the plunge, it’s important to do your research, weigh the pros and cons, and determine if microservices-based architecture is the right solution for your product.

Anita Johnson is an award-winning author and editor with over 15 years of experience in the fields of architecture, design, and urbanism. She has contributed articles and reviews to a variety of print and online publications on topics related to culture, art, architecture, and design from the late 19th century to the present day. Johnson's deep interest in these topics has informed both her writing and curatorial practice as she seeks to connect readers to the built environment around them.

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