What Subjects Do I Need To Study Architecture In University


Studying architecture in university is like discovering a new world. It demands a great commitment from the student to reach a professional level. To become an architect, you must have the ability to combine logically various components and take creative decisions. There are few subjects that can provide this level of challenge and fulfillment. Therefore, finding out what do you need to study architecture in university is essential to avoid any surprises in the future. This article will provide a general overview of the key subjects needed to get started in the field of architecture.

Design Basics

The basis of architecture is design. In order to understand the complexities of design, it is necessary to get to know the different elements and their importance. Design basics introduces students to the fundamental concepts of composition and balance, scale, line, space, form, color, light and texture. In the design basics course, students have the opportunity to develop an understanding of typography, space making, creative problem solving, and the history and theory of design.

Construction Technology

In the construction technology course, students learn the fundamentals of building materials and construction methods. This includes the proper design and selection of materials, the ability to evaluate and select construction systems, and an understanding of modern engineering principles. Through the course, students also learn to read blueprints and to use computer-aided design (CAD) software. They gain an understanding of professional risk management and the legal and ethical aspects of construction projects.

Architectural History

Architectural history is the study of how structures, cities and societies have developed over millennia. In this course, students learn about the relationship between form and function, the influence of different historical styles on the design of buildings, the significance of materials, and the impact of the environment on architecture. The course helps students to acquire an understanding of the development of architectural styles over time and of the existing built environment.

Structural Engineering

The structural engineering course teaches students about the mechanics of buildings and other structures. The course covers topics such as foundations, load-bearing walls, seismic design, steel framing, reinforcement details, and fatigue strength. This knowledge is essential for understanding the design process, which is the basis for safety, durability and economy in a structure.

Building Systems

The building systems course allows students to gain a detailed understanding of the systems that make up a modern building, including climate control, plumbing, electrical and mechanical systems. This course also covers environmental considerations and the regulations that must be followed when designing and constructing a building.

Computer-Aided Design

Architects need to be able to use CAD software to design, model and communicate the plans for a building. The computer-aided design course enables students to develop the skills to use a variety of CAD packages. This includes learning to produce drawings that meet industry standards, as well as creating 3D models to visualize the design.


Sustainability is becoming an increasingly important consideration for architects. The sustainability course provides an understanding of the principles of green building, from designing with energy efficiency in mind to using recycled materials, and from reducing waste to planning for the future.

Studio Practice

In the studio practice course, students can develop and extend their learnings by putting the theory into practice. This is where students gain hands-on experience of the design process, working independently to design and model their own projects.

Advanced Design Courses

More advanced courses in architecture include surveying, landscape design, environmental and urban design, interior design and architectural management. These courses give students the opportunity to expand on their knowledge in these areas and gain a more comprehensive understanding and skill set.


Architecture is an exciting and challenging field of study. In order to become an architect, a student must be willing to put in the effort to understand the fundamentals and gain experience in the different aspects of design, construction and management. With the right subjects and dedication, any aspiring architect can build their skills, knowledge and professional network for a successful career.

Anita Johnson is an award-winning author and editor with over 15 years of experience in the fields of architecture, design, and urbanism. She has contributed articles and reviews to a variety of print and online publications on topics related to culture, art, architecture, and design from the late 19th century to the present day. Johnson's deep interest in these topics has informed both her writing and curatorial practice as she seeks to connect readers to the built environment around them.

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