# Where Does The Golden Ratio Exist In Architecture Art

For centuries, the Golden Ratio has been considered a mathematical expression of beauty and its numerous benefits. Generating a sense of harmony, balance, and proportion, it is not surprising that the Golden Ratio plays an essential role in art, architecture, and design. Discovered by the ancient Greeks, the Golden Ratio – or “Divine Proportion” – is derived from a simple equation, with values used to appear in artistic and architectural works. Throughout history, well-known architects and designers have relied on the Golden Ratio to create aesthetically pleasing works of art that continue to inspire viewers today.

Summary

The Golden Ratio can be found in buildings, sculptures, and paintings, with structures appearing in several shapes and sizes worldwide. Characterized by divide by two proportions, these buildings can be seen in the façades of structurally sound and beautiful monuments such as Milan Cathedral, Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, and the Parthenon in Athens. Furthermore, a number of iconic sculptures, such as the Venus De Milo and Michelangelo’s famous David, reflect the same characteristic ratio. Similarly, the optical illusions of M.C. Escher and the stunning paintings of da Vinci, Vermeer, and Botticelli, all make use of Golden Ratio proportions.

The use of the Golden Ratio in architecture is typically demonstrated through assessments of buildings’ design symmetry and equity. As such, some buildings have been built according to its principles, while others may – though not in a quantitative manner – make use of the ratio in its design. As Golden Ratio measurements must coincide with one another, there is no exact formula to determine which buildings make use of it, making its existence difficult to prove.

When it comes to analyzing buildings and works of art, experts often utilize a particluar ratio, the basis of which is called the “phi number” (1.618). This figure helps determine if the proportions of a given building or painting adhere to the Golden Ratio calculations. Thus, to determine whether a building or work of art meets the Golden Ratio criteria, measurements of their dimensions are compared to the phi number and other related numbers, such as the “inverse phi number” (0.618). If the ratio of the measurements equals the phi number, then it can be said that the work in question is accurately following the principles of the Golden Ratio.

In modern building design, the Golden Ratio is employed to not only create visually pleasing works of art, but also to maximize space and achieve the most efficient building practices. As an example, architects often rely on the Golden Ratio to determine appropriate room sizes and proper ceiling height, which helps maximize the volume of a given space. Additionally, designers often use the Golden Ratio to evaluate angles and divide space for windows and doorways, resulting in improved energy-efficient designs.

## Fibonacci’s Influence

The founding of the Golden Ratio theory is attributed to the ancient mathematician, Fibonacci. A combination of two detailed ratios – also known as the Fibonacci sequence and the “Fibonacci spiral” – the concept of the Golden Ratio depicts the division of infinite lines and circles, resulting in a ratio of 1:1.618. The ratio is is symbolized by the Greek letter “Phi”, thus earning it the title, “Phi proportion”. Detailed and precise, this ratio is still observed today in the works of modern-day designers and architects.

Since its foundation by Fibonacci, the concept of the Golden Ratio has advanced and continued to be studied in various fields. With its use in architecture, art, and design, a precise analysis of Golden Ratio’s presence in buildings, paintings, and sculptures has brought about new discoveries and applications. Additionally, Fibonacci’s ratio has also been used to identify patterns in nature, as seen in plants and animals.

## The Allure of the Golden Ratio

The existence of the Golden Ratio has been observed for centuries, convincing artists and architects of its ability to bring balance and beauty to their work. Through mathematics, this ratio has been proven to create symmetry, which appeals to the concept of “divine beauty”. As such, the use of this ratio in physical structures maintains the same aesthetic appeal, attracting viewers with its beauty.

Furthermore, the Golden Ratio’s application in structure design continues to inspire designers and engineers, providing a platform to challenge existing building techniques and materials. With detailed annotations and measurements, engineers can continue to maximize the efficiency of existing designs, while also leaving room for innovative building practices.

## The Wide Existence of the Golden Ratio

One of the most fascinating aspects of the Golden Ratio is its wide-ranging application in various works of art and architecture. From the Parthenon to the Tower of Pisa, iconic works of architecture showcase various examples of Golden Ratio-based designs, creating masterpieces that radiate beauty and balance. Additionally, artists such as Michelangelo and da Vinci have made use of this ratio in their paintings and sculptures, maximizing the efficacy of their design. As such, its use in physical structures and works of art serves as a reminder of its importance in creating lasting impressions.

## Understanding The Golden Ratio

The Golden Ratio, though a mathematical concept, can often be hard to understand for non-specialists. For this reason, many books, articles, and lectures are now dedicated to the understanding and analysis of this ratio, often providing examples from a variety of fields. From architecture to mathematics to business, the Golden Ratio is spread among a number of disciplines, appealing to the concepts of balance and proportion.

By recognizing that the Golden Ratio is both simple and complex, a broader understanding of its relevance in today’s world can be developed. From its early use in architecture and design to its role in modern business practices and psychology, there is a diverse range of applications that this ratio holds. As such, its relevance in art, architecture, and natural phenomena will continue to be studied and applied, inspiring countless creations.

## Analysis of the Ratio’s Use

In architecture, mathematical and scientific studies on the use of the Golden Ratio have been conducted to evaluate and analyze its presence in various buildings. Even with its intricate use of mathematical theories, researchers and engineers have conducted quantitative studies that relate the Golden Ratio to a range of structures. By understanding and evaluvating the dimensions of the buildings being studied, the Golden Ratio can be accurately found and documented. As such, the use of mathematics in creative works of art and architecture is seen, which creates a link between the innovative and the mathematical.

In art, the application of the Golden Ratio is often hard to detect, as the concept itself does not create a whole visual piece. Rather, the Golden Ratio is used to create harmony and balance between a range of elements, resulting in a visually pleasing artistic piece. Ultimately, the use of this ratio hopes to create a masterpiece, leaving behind a lasting impression to the beholder through emotional triggers and storytelling.

## The Benefits of the Ratio

The use of Golden Ratio in architecture is essential to designing beautiful works of art that result in an emotional reaction. As such, the concept of this ratio is not only used to create aesthetically pleasing works, but also to ensure structurally sound and energy-efficient buildings. This, in turn, leads to improved and cost-effective building practices, all while maintaining a visually appealing product.

Furthermore, analytic studies of the Golden Ratio in various works of art and architecture have enabled researchers to uncover and publicly announce the ratio’s presence in these works. By conducting these studies, past artists and architects can be seen through a new perspective, as the works that they have created have been honored with the recognition of obtaining this ratio.

## The Power of The Golden Ratio

The Golden Ratio has been an essential concept in the world of art and architecture, with structures and paintings bearing its mark of beauty and elegance. From ancient civilisations to modern-day architects and designers, the power of this ratio has been a source of influence in many of the most stunning works of art, with its presence continuing to inspire people all around the world.

From the beauty of designs and patterns in nature, to the balanced proportions of the works of academic artists, the power of the Golden Ratio has been used to influence viewers and inspire generations. Believed to express an expression of perfection, it is not surprising that this ratio has been so heavily used throughout history – and continues to be used to this day.

Anita Johnson is an award-winning author and editor with over 15 years of experience in the fields of architecture, design, and urbanism. She has contributed articles and reviews to a variety of print and online publications on topics related to culture, art, architecture, and design from the late 19th century to the present day. Johnson's deep interest in these topics has informed both her writing and curatorial practice as she seeks to connect readers to the built environment around them.