Architecture is a language that expresses ideas, captures emotions and helps to shape life. It is the art of creating and designing structures the world. Some Architects have created iconic works of art, while others have left us with lasting legacies. So who is the best architecture in the world?
Experts agree that it is impossible to choose a single individual as the greatest architect of all time, but some names stand out from the crowd. Sir Christopher Wren, whose work includes the iconic St Paul’s Cathedral in London, is considered one of the most influential architects of the 17th century. In the 18th century, the French architect Jacques-François Blondel had a lasting influence on the classical style with his edifices throughout France.
In the 19th century, two of the most influential architects of all time left a lasting legacy. Augustus Pugin created grand neo-Gothic structures such as the Palace of Westminster in London, while American architect, Frank Lloyd Wright, revolutionised domestic architecture by incorporating modernist principles into his designs, such as Fallingwater and the Guggenheim Museum in New York.
In the 20th century, many iconic works of architecture were built across the world, from the Sydney Opera House in Australia to the Petronas twin towers in Malaysia. Each of these structures were designed by renowned architects whose works made lasting impact. Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe, Walter Gropius and Le Corbusier were all influential members of the Modernist movement who contributed to the advancement of architectural design.
In the 21st century, contemporary architecture is highly engaged with technology and sustainability. Some of the most innovative architectural designs include the Bird’s Nest Olympic stadium in Beijing and the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, both of which reflect the aspirations of the society they represent.
The world has seen many great architects throughout its history, and it is impossible to choose one individual as the greatest architect of all time. It is interesting to look at how their influence has shaped the architecture of the world, and how their legacy impacts media and culture today.
Advanced Technology in Architecture
One of the most notable trends in modern architecture is the increased usage of technology in design. Increasing digital capabilities are transforming the way architects create and construct their works. Architects are using strategies such as BIM (Building Information Modelling) to improve the accuracy and efficiency of their designs, as well as VR (Virtual Reality) and AR (Augmented Reality), which allow architects to work with an animated version of their plans.
There is also an increased emphasis on sustainability and energy efficiency in contemporary architecture. Architects are utilizing innovative materials and technologies to create environmentally friendly and energy efficient structures. Passive solar design, green roofs and renewable energy sources are just a few of the methods used to reduce the overall impact of buildings on the environment.
Architects are also making use of data to improve the efficiency of their designs. Analysing data such as air flow, water usage and energy efficiency is helping architects design buildings that are cost-effective and resource efficient.
Technological advancements are accelerating the pace of architectural development, and allowing architects to create works of art that were previously impossible.
Architects of the Future
The world is ever-changing, and so are the needs of society. To meet the needs of the future, architects must innovate, create and explore new ways to design and construct buildings.
The way that digital technology has transformed the way architects work has had a profound effect on the architecture of the future. In the years to come,
we may see the emergence of new forms of architecture, making use of the latest technologies and materials.
Experts believe that in the near future, architecture will become more responsive and adaptive, with buildings becoming increasingly integrated with the environment.
Smart and connected buildings will become the norm, making use of AI (Artificial Intelligence) and IoT (Internet of Things) to create a sustainable, efficient and automated way of living.
How To Become an Architect
Becoming an Architect requires a great deal of dedication, hard work and knowledge. To become a licensed architect, you need to obtain a professional degree from an accredited curriculum in architecture. Once you have your degree, you will need to complete an internship before becoming a fully-qualified Architect.
To become an expert Architect, it is important to keep up with industry trends and technologies, as well as understanding the basics of architectural design and history. A comprehensive understanding of materials, technologies and building codes are essential to becoming a successful Architect.
Professionals also suggest taking courses in computer-aided design software, such as BIM and AutoCAD, as well as learning the basics of coding, in order to stay competitive in the profession. Developing artistic skills, such as drawing and sketching, can also help Architects create innovative and exciting designs.
History of Architecture
Architecture is an ancient form of expression, with evidence of early building activity being seen as far back as 10,000 BC. The first known form of architecture is believed to be Neolithic architecture, with dwellings being made from natural materials such as wood, mud and stone.
The Egyptians are believed to be responsible for the invention of the stone arch, which revolutionised the construction of large and heavy buildings. This innovation was adopted by the Ancient Greeks, and transformed the way architecture was thought of and constructed – from the Acropolis of Athens to the Parthenon, buildings were designed and constructed with spectacular results.
In the Middle Ages, the Gothic period introduced innovations such as the ribbed groined vault and pointed arch. This allowed for the construction of large and much heavier buildings, including the famous Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris.
The renaissance period was characterised by the use of the classical order and the adoption of the arch and column. This period gave rise to buildings such as the Parthenon in Athens and St Peter’s Basilica in Rome.
Popular Architectural Styles
Throughout the history of architecture, many different styles have emerged, from medieval gothic to modernist and postmodernist.
The gothic style of architecture is characterised by the use of pointed arches, ribbed vaults and soaring towers. The most iconic example of this style is Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris.
The Baroque period is characterised by elaborate and ornate designs, which were developed as a reaction to the austerity of the Protestant Reformation. The Palace of Versailles, built by Louis XIV of France, is a spectacular example of this style.
Classical architecture is characterised by the use of the classical orders of columns, such as the Doric, Ionic and Corinthian. The Parthenon in Athens is considered to be the finest example of this style.
Modernism is a style of architecture that emerged in the early twentieth century, characterised by simplicity, minimalism, and the use of modern materials. Frank Lloyd Wright’s Fallingwater is a classic example of this style.
The postmodernist style emerged as a reaction to modernist principles. It is characterised by the use of bold colours and forms, as well as the incorporation of traditional elements. One of the most iconic examples of this style is Philip Johnson and John Burgee’s AT&T building in New York City.